1900 U.S. census, Marion County, Mississippi, population schedule, Township 4 North, Range 15 West, enumeration district (ED) 75, sheet 5B, p. 29, dwelling 82, family 83, James E. Simmons household; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 Oct 2009); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 819.
1910 U.S. census, Lamar County, Mississippi, population schedule, Beat 4, enumeration district (ED) 91, sheet 18A, p. 83, dwelling 221, family 221, James Simmons household; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 Oct 2009); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 747.
In 1900, Corrine was the mother of 7 children with 6 children living. In 1910, she was the mother of 10 children with 7 children living. Let’s see if I can reconcile James and Corrine’s children.
Ada Frances Simmons, born 23 Jul 1890, died 15 May 1960 1 [NOTE: Tomorrow I will present a mini proof argument showing how I came up with Ada’s birth date]
Mary Leona Simmons, born 19 Oct 1891, died 02 Jul 1976 2
Albert Simmons, born 05 Mar 1893, died 08 Mar 1893 3
Jesse Colon Simmons, born 10 Apr 1894, died 11 Mar 1943 4
Walter William Simmons, born 20 Mar 1896, died 17 Mar 1958 5
Claudia Mae Simmons, born 14 Feb 1898, died 23 Jan 1968 6
Lemuel Elexander Simmons, born 25 Mar 1899, died 03 Nov 1926 7
Rufus Elmore Simmons, born 12 Jun 1906, died 22 Nov 1967 8
William Houston Simmons, born 17 Nov 1910, died 13 Mar 1978 9 [my grandfather]
There are nine known children. In 1900, there were six children alive and Albert had died in 1893 so the census numbers are correct (7/6). In 1910, there were seven children alive (Elmore had been born in 1906 so he makes the 7th living children). Albert was dead but now we have two more dead children. Houston was born in November (after the census was taken in May) so he is not listed on the 1910 census. The conclusion? Corrine had given birth to two children between 1900 and 1910 and both of those children had also died between those dates.
Do you see the seven year gap between Lem and Elmore? There is also a 4 year gap between Elmore and Houston. All of the other children are nice and tight. This also supports that there were two children that were born and died between the two census years.
So I have established that Corrine had two children that we have no information on. What do I do with this information? Do I record these children in my genealogy file? The answer is yes. There may be information about these children out there that I just haven’t found yet (Bible records, cemetery records, etc.). Corrine was the mother of 11 children, not nine. Is it possible that she had even more children after Houston was born in Nov 1910? In this case the answer is no. Corrine died in childbirth with Houston so I can be fairly confident that Corrine was the mother of 11.10
I would add these two children to my file with their sex unknown and with birth and death dates between 11 June 1900 (when the 1900 census was taken) and 04 May 1910 (when the 1910 census was taken).
Here is what my actual list of children looks like:
Created using Legacy Family Tree
Boys are blue, girls are red, and unknown sex children are green. This gives me a more accurate picture of this family. Even though I don’t know much about these two, I do know that they existed.
1 Mississippi State Department of Health, death certificate 8504 (1960), Ada Frances Bounds.
2 Entrekin Family Cemetery (Carnes, Forrest County, Mississippi), Mary Leona Entrekin marker, personally read, 2000.
3 Grantham Family Cemetery (Lamar County, Mississippi; Cameron Road off of Old Hwy 24), Albert, son of J.E. and C.E. Simmons marker, personally read, 2000.
4 Mississippi State Department of Health, death certificate 3466 (1943), Jesse Collon Simmons.
5 Grantham Family Cemetery (Lamar County, Mississippi; Cameron Road off of Old Hwy 24), Walter Simmons marker, personally read, 2000.
6 Simmons Family Cemetery (Forrest County, Mississippi; On AB Simmons Road, off of Rock Hill to Brooklyn Road), Claudia M. Lee marker, personally read, 1999.
7 Entrekin Family Cemetery (Carnes, Forrest County, Mississippi), L.A. Simmons marker, personally read, 2000.
8 Pine Grove Baptist Church Cemetery (Pinegrove, Lamar County, Mississippi), L.A. Simmons marker, personally read, 2000.
9 Florida Department of Health, death certificate 78-023580 (1978), William H. Simmons.
10 William Houston Simmons, deceased (Purvis, MS), interview by Michele Simmons Lewis, 1977.
Copyright © 2013 Michele Simmons Lewis