Monday, April 24, 2017

Day 3 – Have a Working Hypothesis

Sherlock gathered his clues and then formulated a working hypothesis. As new clues came in he would modify his hypothesis as needed. His hypotheses gave him direction for what steps he needed to take next.

Here is a very simple example. Let’s say John Q. Citizen was living with his parents in Perry County, Mississippi in 1880. His soon to be wife Mary Ann Smith was living with her parents in neighboring Marion County. In 1900, you find the married couple living together in Marion County. You know that it is more common for a couple to marry in the bride’s home county than the groom’s so your working hypothesis is that they most likely married in Marion County. You now have a direction to search. You search the Marion County marriage records but come up short. Your new hypothesis is that they married in Perry County.

“His extreme love of solitude in England suggests the idea that he was in fear of someone or something, so we may assume as a working hypothesis that is was fear of someone or something which drove him from America.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Five Orange Pips"]

“Well, we will take it as a working hypothesis for want of a better.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Man with the Twisted Lip"]

“Let us take that as a working hypothesis and see what it leads us to.” [Holmes to Watson, "Silver Blaze"]

“Well, we can adopt it as a working hypothesis and then see how far our difficulties disappear.” [Holmes to Inspector White Mason, "The Valley of Fear"]

“Well, now, Watson. Let us judge the situation by this new information…. All of our reasoning seems to point that way. At any rate, we may take it as a hypothesis and see what consequences it would entail.” [Holmes to Watson, "Wisteria Lodge"]

“At least we may accept it as a working hypothesis.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Devil’s Foot"]

“One forms provisional theories and waits for time or fuller knowledge to explode them.” [Holmes to client Robert Ferguson, "The Sussex Vampire"]


Thursday, April 13, 2017

Day 2 - Consult your reference library

As smart as he was, Holmes still had a large reference library which he consulted often. It is well worth your while to invest in books. You need genealogy methodology books, genealogical dictionaries, books on history, topic specific books such as those on land records, census records, court records, books on reading old handwritings, etc. You can take a look at my reference library HERE. A genealogist cannot possibly know everything there is to know. Surrounding yourself with quality reference materials is a must.

“He stretched his hand up, and took down a bulky volume from the shelf.” [Watson observing Holmes, "Sign of the Four"]

“Let us glance at our Continental Gazetteer.” [Holmes to Watson, "A Scandal in Bohemia"]

“Kindly hand me down the letter K of the ‘American Encyclopedia’ which stands upon the shelf beside you.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Five Orange Pips"]

“He picked a red-covered volume from a line of books of reference beside the mantelpiece.” [Watson observing Holmes,"The Noble Bachelor"]

“Holmes shot his long, thin arm and picked out Volume ‘H’ in his encyclopaedia of reference.” [Watson observing Holmes, "The Priory School"]

“I leaned back and took down the great index volume to which he [Holmes] referred.” [Watson narrating, "The Sussex Vampire"]

“There is a great garret in my little house which is stuffed with books. It was into this I plunged and rummaged for an hour. At the end of that time I emerged with a little chocolate and silver volume. Eagerly I turned up the chapter of which I had a dim remembrance.” [Holmes narrating, "The Lion’s Mane"]

“Here is a book which first brought light into what might have been forever dark.” [Holmes to Inspector Bardle, "The Lion’s Mane"]

“Sherlock Holmes threw himself with fierce energy upon the pile of commonplace books in the corner. For a few minutes there was a constant swish of leaves, and then with a grunt of satisfaction he came upon what he sought. So excited was he that he did not rise, but sat upon the floor like some strange Buddha, with crossed legs, the huge books all round him, and one open upon his knees.” [Watson observing Holmes, "The Veiled Lodger"]

“Where is my Crockford?” [Holmes to Watson, "The Retired Colourman." Holmes was referring to Crockford’s Clerical Directory, which is a reference book of the clergy of the Church of England and other churches of Great Britain. It was first published in 1858 and the last edition was published in 2009. Who knows, this book may be as valuable to a genealogist today as it was to Holmes!]


Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Some surprises in the box (Part II)

I should have known this last box of papers would give my fits. You can read about the box HERE and you can read about the first surprise HERE.

I found TWO marriage records for the same couple.


W. T. Ramshur and Susie Simmons married in Marion County, Mississippi on 26 Jul 19521
W. T. Ramshur and Susie Simmons married in Marion County, Mississippi on 26 Sep 19612

(both W. T. and Susie are deceased)

Oops. 

Both records have the application, license and certificate which is nice.  The 1961 marriage has a clue. This was Warner’s second marriage with the first ending in divorce and this was Susie’s 3rd marriage with the last ending in divorce. The 1952 marriage doesn’t give this information.

It looks like Warner and Susie married each other twice with a divorce in between. Now I need to ask the chancery court to look for a divorce decree. My to-do list is getting longer and longer as I go through this last box.

1 Marion County, Mississippi, Marriage Book 28: 129, Ramshur-Simmons, 1952; Circuit Court, Columbia.
2 Marion County, Mississippi, Marriage Book 31: 534, Ramshur-Simmons, 1952; Circuit Court, Columbia. 


Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Legacy webinars

 

Legacy is presenting their 500th webinar on Friday, April 14, 2017 and in celebration Legacy is going to make ALL of their webinars FREE for EVERYONE this weekend, Friday through Sunday.  All you need to do it go to the Legacy Family Tree Webinars website and let the fun begin! I am guessing that there will be some serious binge watching going on this weekend.  If you like what you see (and we think you will) consider getting a subscription so that you can have full time access to these wonderful webinars. There are 2 new webinars each week with some surprise bonus ones thrown in from time to time. There is no better genealogy continuing education bargain anywhere.

 


Monday, April 10, 2017

Some surprises in the box

You can read about the box I am talking about HERE. The first group of papers I dealt with were papers that belonged to my grandfather. You can read about him HERE and HERE. My mother took possession of these papers when her older brother died and now I have them.  My mother is not a genealogist so she never really looked at the papers and until now I hadn’t really looked at them either.

My mother thought that her father and his family fled from the Łódź area in what is now Poland right before World War I because of the tension between the ethnic Germans (my grandfather’s family) and the ethnic Poles. My mother believed that they came straight to the Köln area but that isn’t true. Her father’s papers tell a different story.

I already had my first clue, August’s mother Emilie’s citizenship papers, I just didn’t realize it. On 10 Jan 1922 August’s mother swore her allegiance to Prussia.1 She and her two minor children were living in the Marienwerder District which was part of the Province of West Prussia. This was AFTER World War I. The Marienwerder District was 274 km north of where they had been in Zdunska Wola (in the Łódź area) so they did move, just not to Köln. I don’t know if they moved before or after World War I but I can say that they moved between 23 January 1913 when Emilie’s husband Heinrich died in Zdunska Wola2 and 10 Jan 1922 when Emilie was in Marienwerder. My mother did know that her grandfather did not go with them to Köln.

Here are the clues I found in August’s papers. This was the first time I had really looked at these papers and they give me a new timeline.

August was an apprentice cooper (barrel maker) from 01 January 1925 to 01 January 1928 to Friedrich Budow in Stolp. On 14 January 1928 he passed the apprenticeship test and became a journeyman cooper and a member of the coopers guild. The guild was out of Stettin.3 Both Stolp and Stettin are in present day Poland.

August then moved to Germany proper. He was a journeyman from 08 Jan 1928 to 20 Apr 1929 in Lückenwalde,4 and a journeyman in Magdeburg from 15 May 1929 to 19 Jun 1929.5 His first appearance in Köln was 03 Aug 1929 to 31 Jan 1930 where he was now a cooper.6 August married Theresia Glaentzer on 18 November 1930 in Köln.7

My mother last saw her father in 1941 when she was only 7 years old. He was captured and never came home. Her mother died in 1945 when she was 11. Her recollections are from her childhood and the stories she remembers are hazy.  I am happy to have documents that shed some light on the true sequence of events.

 

1 Marienwerder, Prueßen, Optionsurkunden (declaration of citizenship), Emilie Weichert geb. Fiege, 10 January 1922,  Deutsche Reinstaatsangehörigkeit. 

2 Hans Joachim Weichert, "Die Familie Weichert"; report to Michele Lewis,  (Harlem, Georgia), 27 January 2009. Weichert did not provide the death certificate and I have written to the Polish Archives in Łódź to get it.

3 August Weichert Lehr-Brief (apprenticeship document), 1925-1928; privately held by Michele Simmons Lewis Harlem, Georgia. 2003; This document was in the possession of August's son Karl until Karl's death in 2003. At that time August's daughter Emma took possession and then passed it to Lewis (Emma's daughter).

4 Richard Schütze (Lukenwalde, Germany) letter of recommendation for August Weichert (no recipient), 20 April 1929; privately held by Michele Simmons Lewis,  Harlem, Georgia, 2003.

5 Albert Nübel (Magdeburg, Germany) letter of recommendation for August Weichert (no recipient), 20 June 1929; privately held by Michele Simmons Lewis,  Harlem, Georgia, 2003.

6 Mathias Hollmann (Köln, Germany) letter of recommendation for August Weichert (no recipient), 31 January 1930; privately held by Michele Simmons Lewis,  Harlem, Georgia, 2003.

7 Köln III, Germany, Heiratsurkunde (marriage certificate) no. 638 (1930), Weichert-Glaentzer; Standesamt, Köln. 


 

Sunday, April 9, 2017

My new books

I just got these:

Benton, Jeffery C. The Very Worst Road: Travellers' Accounts of Crossing Alabama's Old Creek Indian Territory, 1820-1847. Tuscaloosa, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1998.

Hudson, Angela Pulley. Creek Paths and Federal Roads: Indians, Settlers, and Slaves and the Making of the American South. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2010.

Ownby, Ted and David Warton. Georgia's Old Federal Road Phase I: Development of a Historical Content for the Federal Road in North Georgia. Forest Park, Ga.: Georgia Department of Transportation, 2007.

Reynolds, Matthew, et al. Georgia's Old Federal Road Phase II: Development of a Technical Content for the Federal Road in North Georgia. Forest Park, Ga.: Georgia Department of Transportation, 2006.

Southerland, Henry DeLeon, Jr. and Jerry Elijah Brown. The Federal Road through Georgia, the Creek Nation, and Alabama, 1806-1836. Tuscaloosa, Ala.: University of Alabama Press, 1989.

 

Do you see a theme here?


Saturday, April 8, 2017

Day 1–Run your theories by Watson

Sherlock liked to present all of the evidence to Watson and then sit back and listen to Watson reconcile the evidence in his own way. Granted, most of the time Watson was wrong but Sherlock did this to not only involve Watson in the process but also to hear how a reasonable person would see all of the evidence. I do this all the time. I gather all my facts and arrange them into a logical sequence of events. I then present the case to another genealogist to get their feedback. Many times they see things that I haven’t noticed.


“Look here, Watson, just sit down in this chair and let me preach to you for a little. I don’t know quite what to do, and I should value your advice.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Boscombe Valley Mystery"]

“Now, I’ll state the case clearly and concisely to you, Watson, and maybe you can see a spark where all is dark to me.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Man with the Twisted Lip"]

“At least I have got a grip of the essentials of the case. I shall enumerate them to you, for nothing clears up a case so much as stating it to another person…” [Holmes to Watson, "Silver Blaze"]

“There you have it all in a nutshell, Watson, and if you can give me any light I shall be infinitely obliged to you.” [Holmes to Watson, "Silver Blaze"]

"Just sit down in that chair, Watson. I want to put you in touch with the situation, as I may need your help to-night. Let me show you the evolution of this case so far as I have been able to follow it." [Holmes to Watson, "Wisteria Lodge"]

 

Ah but dear Sherlock couldn’t help but tell poor Watson about his shortcomings when Watson
gave his opinions about the case. I certainly do not recommend this when you are having your own work critiqued but it is fun to see what Sherlock did.

“‘Pon my word, Watson, you are coming along wonderfully. You have really done very well indeed. It is true that you have missed everything of importance, but you have hit upon the method…” [Holmes, to Watson, "A Case of Identity"]

“I am afraid, my dear Watson, that most of your conclusions were erroneous. When I said you stimulated me I meant, to be frank, that in noting your fallacies I was occasional guided towards the truth.” [Holmes to Watson, "The Hound of the Baskervilles"]

 

There are many instances where Sherlock made fun of Dr. Watson and he rarely complimented him but there is one passage where Holmes’ true feelings for his faithful friend are shown. Watson is narrating the scene right after he [Watson] had just been shot by suspect James Winter. [The Three Garridebs]


“You’re not hurt, Watson? For God’s sake, say that you are not hurt!”

It was worth a wound – it was worth many wounds – to know the depth of loyalty and love which lay behind that cold mask. The clear, hard eyes were dimmed for a moment, and the firm lips were shaking. For the one and only time I caught a glimpse of a great heart as well as of a great brain. All my years of humble but single-minded service culminated in that moment of revelation.

“It’s nothing, Holmes, It’s a mere scratch.”

He had ripped up my trousers with his pocket knife.

“You are right,” he cried with an immense sigh of relief, “It is quite superficial.” His face set like flint as he glared at our prisoner, who was sitting up with a dazed face. “By the Lord, it is well for you. If you had killed Watson, you would not have got out of this room alive.”


Friday, April 7, 2017

The very last box

I have been researching my family for 26 years. I collected a lot of documents before any were available online for download. I didn’t have a computer until 1995 and I don’t think I had a scanner until about 2000. On 07 September 2013, I pulled all of my documents out of their binders and put them in boxes so that I could scan them. How do I know the exact date?  I blogged about it of course. When I scan a document I also analyze it again. I have a lot more knowledge now than I did back then so I could have easily missed something. I also double check my source citation because sources I created years ago aren’t up to the current standards. After I am done I put the document back into its binder. I started with ten boxes crammed full and here it is, the very last box.

 

IMG_20170406_103310933_HDR (002)

I am very excited. I am going to try very hard to get this box close to empty this weekend. Some of these aren’t that easy to work with. The ones you see on top are my grandfather’s work documents from 1928 until he was drafted into the German Army. He was a Küfer (barrel maker). I have his driver’s license from 1939 and some personal letters. They are all written in German.  Yes, I saved the hardest for last.


Thursday, April 6, 2017

FTDNA old vs. new PART II

This is my uncle’s old and new results.  This one concerns me a lot more than my results do.  You can see my results HERE.

The old results are on the left and the new results are on the right. He went from 43% British Isles to 15% and Scandinavia 33% to 0%  This is a significant change. The old results correspond to his paper trail and the new results do not. I am not sure what to think yet. I am going to wait and see what the top genetic genealogists have to say in their blogs.

LoldLNew


Wednesday, April 5, 2017

DNA ethnicity–FTNDA old vs. new

FTDNA updated their algorithms and most people have a change in their ethnicity results.  All of the autosomal DNA sites do this from time to time so I dug out some old screenshots to compare them side by side.

 

FTDNA OLD                                               FTDNA NEW

FTDNA OLDFTDNA NEW

The 12% Middle Eastern is Asia Minor

 

AncestryDNA OLD                                    AncestryDNA NEW
(I don’t see a change)

Ancestry oldAncestry

 

DNALand OLD                                          DNALand NEW

DNALand oldDNALand

 

23andMe
(I don’t have a screenshot of my old results)

23andMe

 

GEDMatch Dodecad World 9                GEDMatch Eurogenes K13
(I don’t have a screenshot of my old results)

Dodecad World 9Eurogenes K13

 

And the moral of the story is, every company uses different algorithms and reference populations. Every company updates this information from time to time. It is normal to see different numbers from company to company and it is normal to see different numbers after a company updates. 23andMe is considered to be the most accurate when it comes to ethnicity predictions.  When I look at my 23andMe results they do correspond with my paper trail.


Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Dealing with the accumulation

If you do genealogy full time (or even part time) it is easy to drown in accumulated paperwork, journals, emails, obligations, general disorganization etc.  Here are a few tips.

  • I belong to several societies that have monthly or quarterly newsletters/journals. I used to toss them off to the side vowing to read them later but instead they just piled up and I was missing out on some great information. I now read the journal the day it arrives and if there is something I think I need to keep I scan the article and stick it in Evernote.  I then toss it.  I have switched some over to electronic versions which saves me a step.
  • I receive hundreds of emails a day. I have three email addresses; my regular email, my work email and an email just for DNA stuff.  I have “rules” and folders set up in MS Outlook for all three accounts so that my mail is automatically sorted.  Even so, I used to let the emails pile up.  If they are shoved in a folder where you can’t see them it is okay, right?  I now deal with my email immediately and either trash it, act on it, or archive it (Evernote).  By the end of the day my folders are empty and I can start off fresh the next morning. It took me a long time to get to this point.
  • I know that everything is electronic these days but the one thing I still need to keep on paper is my calendar/planner.  I LOVE the Uncalendar.  Their website does not do it justice.  I suggest you look on YouTube.  There are several good videos showing how the Uncalendar works.  I use Pilot FriXion pens in lots of colors with my Uncalendar. These pens are 100% erasable and work great.  They use heat sensitive ink so I wouldn’t put a blow dryer to your calendar or put it on the dashboard of your car in the summer. I keep track of everything in my Uncalendar, to-do lists, project schedules and updates, meetings, short term and long term goals etc.
  • At the end of the day I make sure my desk is cleaned off and the books I pulled off the shelves have been put back.  When I start work the next morning it is nice to have a clean desk/office.  It only takes a couple of minutes and this one simple thing has had a big impact on my attitude when I start my workday. Every couple of weeks I do a complete cleanup (the dreaded vacuuming, dusting, cleaning monitors and keyboard etc.) I pull as much out of the office that I can so that I can wash/wax the wood floors.  It is a pain but I do so much better when I am working in an clean and organized environment.
  • I am usually working on several projects at a time.  I keep the projects in these boxes.  They hold standard 8.5 x 11 paper. They stack nicely and I label them using colored masking tape and Sharpies making it easy to change the labels as needed.  I just counted and I have 13 of these boxes.  Hmmmmm, unlucky 13.  I might have to buy another box.
  • I have a small bulletin board (cork) next to my desk. Post-It Notes stick to it without having to use pins.  I use this to keep up with my current projects so that I can monitor my progress.  I also put notes up for things that are urgent. I keep the bulletin board up-to-date and neat.
  • This one has nothing to do with accumulated stuff but it has increased my productivity exponentially. My computer has three monitors.  I operated with two monitors for about 10 years but I went to three about a year ago.  The more the merrier!
  • Make sure you stay stocked up on everything you might need in the way of office supplies, things like printer paper and ink, batteries for your wireless keyboard and mouse, etc.  Nothing is more frustrating than to have to stop right in the middle of what you are doing to deal with a missing supply.  I am an office supplies junkie so this is rarely a problem for me.

So what tips do you have?


 

Monday, April 3, 2017

18 Days with Sherlock (revisited)

SHI ran this series five years ago and it was one of the most popular things I have done on the blog.  I am going to run an updated version. I will not be posting the series on consecutive days (though a few might be consecutive) because I have a lot of other things to post about too. This series will be a fun diversion. Today is an intro to the series.

Sherlock Holmes is just as popular now as he was when Sir Arthur Conan Doyle created the character in 1887. Two Sherlock movies released in 2009 and 2011 starring Robert Downey, Jr. as Mr. Holmes and Jude Law as Dr. Watson were smash hits. It was announced recently that the original cast would be back for a third movie. The BBC series featuring Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock and Martin Freeman as John Watson recently finished its fourth and final season. It too was a big hit. Sherlock has always been popular in film going back to the 1930s and 1940s when Basil Rathbone starred as the super sleuth. We never seem to tire of the eccentric detective.

Doyle wrote a total of four novels and 56 short stories about the master detective. The stories are told from the viewpoint of Sherlock’s faithful companion Dr. John Watson, with the exception of "The Blanched Soldier" and "The Lion's Mane" which Holmes himself narrates and "The Marzarin Stone" which is narrated by a third-person omniscient narrator. The writing style is absolutely brilliant and you are immediately drawn in. There is no doubt in your mind that Sherlock was a real person and that Dr. Watson’s diaries are accurate remembrances of their adventures. If you have never read these stories you really should.

Doyle’s first Sherlock Holmes story, A Study in Scarlet was rejected multiple times by publishers before being accepted with a £25 copyright fee paid to Doyle. He wrote this novel with no intention of using the Sherlock Holmes character again. The story was a hit in America so Doyle brought Sherlock back again and again.

A few Sherlock facts and trivia:
Reading the stories brings you into contact with some familiar characters, Inspector Lestrade of Scotland Yard, Mrs. Hudson, Sherlock’s tireless landlady, and Sherlock’s brother Mycroft Holmes. You also meet Irene Adler, the only female Holmes had any sort of feelings for and the only feelings he had were that of admiration as she was able to pull one over on him. If you have seen any of the films you will know that James Moriarty was Sherlock’s nemesis. In the story “The Final Problem” both Moriarty and Sherlock were killed, or so it seemed. Three years later Sherlock reappears which caused poor Watson to faint dead away.

Sherlock is described as tidy in his appearance but unkempt in his housekeeping. He isn’t interested in romance but can turn on the charm when it is to his advantage. He usually solves the crime early on but doesn’t reveal his conclusions until much later. He claims it is so he can lay out all of the facts but also admits that he likes the drama of it all. He is a bit vain and really likes it when someone acknowledges how smart he is. Sherlock was a master of disguises and often fooled Watson. Sherlock was quite the practical joker with a mischievous twinkle in his eye. He was also an accomplished violinist. He was a very likeable character.
On the negative side, Sherlock smoked cigarettes, cigars and a pipe. When he wasn’t actively working on a case he turned to drugs because he couldn’t handle his mind being idle, however, Watson was able to eventually wean him off of his cocaine habit. Sherlock could get depressed and morose and would go for long periods of time without eating.

Watson tells us that Sherlock’s career spanned 23 years with Watson at his side for 17 of them. Holmes and Watson mention many other cases they were involved in that didn’t make it into Watson’s collection of stories. Sherlock chides Watson a bit for sensationalizing and glamorizing stories which should have been told matter-of-factly in textbook fashion so that other detectives could learn by them.

Many genealogists look to Sherlock for inspiration because his method of deductive reasoning is the perfect approach for genealogical research. Throughout the stories you will find many sound principles that will help you in your quest to uncover the truths about your ancestors’ lives. For the next 18 days I will outline some of these principles and give examples of how Sherlock’s methods will help you.

By the way, contrary to popular belief, Holmes never said, “Elementary, my dear Watson!” in any of his adventures.



Sunday, April 2, 2017

Be flexible and don’t make assumptions

Most researchers know to use name variations and date ranges when trying to find an elusive ancestor in a database but sometimes the database itself doesn’t contain the data you think it does.

The Mississippi Enumeration of Educable Children, 1850-1892; 1908-1957 is one of my favorite record sets. Would you only search this database for someone if they were between the ages of 6 and 18?

Thomas Simmons is my dad and he graduated from Purvis High School in 1955. This school census is from 1957. In 1957 my dad was in the Air Force and stationed in Hahn, Germany but the school board still listed him.

Children that were not attending school anymore were still included.  They are given a W code with an explanation. If your relative married young and left school or left school to go to work he/she will still be listed. This is important information. Always be flexible with your searches and make sure you know exactly what information the particular record can tell you.

ss

"Mississippi Enumeration of Educable Children, 1850-1892; 1908-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ : accessed 31 March 2017), Lamar > image 98 of 157; citing Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Box ID 15134, Series 21.


Saturday, April 1, 2017

“Critical” couples

I like to play with BYU’s Relative Finder and Ancestry’s We’re Related app. This is mostly for my entertainment but after using these two programs I have noticed some patterns in the connections.  I am seeing certain couples pop up over and over again in lineages. The couple is usually higher up the chain than what I have proven.  This has made me very curious. Some of the lines on the other side of the equation (the famous people) have been proven.  For example, the lineages of the presidents have all been thoroughly researched.  If I am connected to someone like that through one of the couples that keeps popping up I think it is a good idea for me to try and prove the connection to that couple. One of these couples is Edward Grantham and Katherine Proctor.

I match Rutherford Hayes, John Tyler, George Washington, Franklin Roosevelt, Herbert Hoover, William Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Ulysses Grant, William Taft, Gerald Ford, John Kennedy, and James Garfield. To get to these presidents I have to go through Edward Grantham and Katherine Proctor. It is important to note that once you go above Edward and Katherine the lineage goes in different directions to hook up to the common ancestor of each president’s line but Edward and Katherine seem to be the critical couple.

I need to prove three generations to get to Edward and Katherine.  I “think” that my Daniel Grantham’s father was Lewis Grantham and I “think” that Lewis’ father was John Grantham who is supposedly Edward and Catherine’s son. I haven’t worked on trying to prove Daniel’s parents in quite some time. I am going to start with what I know about Daniel Grantham and then work backwards.  If I DISprove Edward Grantham and Katherine Proctor I will be blowing up quite a few lineages.